The present tense is a verb form used to describe an action or event that is happening now, in the present moment. It is also used to describe a general truth, habit or state that is true in the present.
In English, there are two types of present tense: simple present and present continuous.
Simple present is used to describe habitual actions, general truths, or states that are true in the present. It is formed by using the base form of the verb, or the verb without the “-s” or “-es” ending that is added in the third person singular. For example:
- “I eat breakfast every day.” (habitual action)
- “Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.” (general truth)
- “She speaks Spanish fluently.” (state that is true in the present)
Present continuous is used to describe actions that are happening at the moment of speaking or around the present time. It is formed by using the auxiliary verb “to be” in the present tense followed by the present participle (verb + “-ing”) of the main verb. For example:
- “I am studying right now.” (action happening at the moment of speaking)
- “She is taking a shower at the moment.” (action happening around the present time)
Both simple present and present continuous can also be used to describe future events that are planned or scheduled to happen in the near future. For example, “I am meeting my friend tomorrow” (present continuous) or “The concert starts at 8 pm tonight” (simple present).
It’s important to note that the present tense can be used in combination with other tenses to express more complex ideas about time and actions, such as the present perfect or present perfect continuous tense.
The Present Simple tense is the most basic tense in English and uses the base form of the verb (except for the verb be). The only change from the base is the addition of s for third person singular.
We use the Present Simple to talk about:
General time (action verbs)
Situations now (stative verbs)
Lisa and Andi live in this area.
(Lisa dan Andi tinggal di daerah ini)
I go to the University.
(Saya pergi ke Universitas)
Alice and Sophia prefer coffee to tea.
(Alice dan Sophia lebih suka kopi daripada the)
They write the novel perfectly.
(Mereka menulis novel dengan sempurna)
We need to go to the picnic.
(Kita harus pergi piknik)
She wants to sing.
(Perempuan itu ingin bernyanyi)
He writes the letters.
(Laki-laki itu menulis surat)
The book arrives at our place.
(Buku itu sampai/tiba di tempat kita)
Bob gives the book to Allen.
(Bob memberikan buku itu kepada Allen)
Aric loves to read books.
(Aric suka membaca buku)
We do not solve the problem every month.
(Kami tidak menyelesaikan masalah setiap bulan)
They do not finish the examination every end of year.
(Mereka tidak menyelesaikan ujian setiap akhir tahun)
You do not collect the assignment annually.
(Anda tidak mengumpulkan tugas setiap tahun)
They do not agree to come every Thursday.
(Mereka tidak setuju untuk datang setiap hari Kamis.)
We do not meet the manager at the office.
(Kami tidak bertemu manajer di kantor)
The singer does not sing nicely.
(Penyanyi tidak bernyanyi dengan baik)
The program does not go on smoothly.
(Program tidak berjalan mulus)
Alana does not attend the class every day.
(Alana tidak menghadiri kelas setiap hair)
Wayan does not watch the movie every day.
(Wayan tidak menonton film setiap hari)
Patrick does not read the book at the library.
(Patrick tidak membaca buku di perpustakaan)
Do you know Billy Bob?
(Apakah Anda tahu Billy Bob?)
Do they love swinging in the park?
(Apakah mereka suka berayun di taman?)
Do some people use the car?
(Apakah beberapa orang menggunakan mobil?)
Do you wake up at 7:00 AM?
(Apakah Anda bangun jam 7:00 pagi?)
Do we understand it?
(Apakah kita memahaminya?)
Does he play cricket?
(Apakah dia bermain kriket?)
Does it give a better impact on our performance?
(Apakah itu memberikan dampak yang lebih baik bagi kinerja kita?)
Does she pay the bill?
(Apakah perempuan itu membayar tagihan?)
Does Andi love his family?
(Apakah Andi mencintai keluarganya?)
Does your brother buy the application?
(Apakah saudara anda membeli aplikasi tersebut?)