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A complex sentence is a type of sentence that contains an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. An independent clause can stand alone as a complete sentence, while a dependent clause cannot. The dependent clause relies on the independent clause to make sense and complete the thought.

For example, “After I finish my work, I will go to the gym” is a complex sentence. The independent clause is “I will go to the gym,” and the dependent clause is “After I finish my work.” The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a sentence, and it relies on the independent clause to complete the thought.

To make a complex sentence, you can combine an independent clause with one or more dependent clauses using subordinating conjunctions such as “after,” “although,” “because,” “since,” “while,” and “when,” among others.

Here’s an example:

Independent clause: She loves to read books. Dependent clause: Because she finds them relaxing.

Combined sentence: She loves to read books because she finds them relaxing.

In this example, “She loves to read books” is the independent clause, and “because she finds them relaxing” is the dependent clause. The subordinating conjunction “because” is used to connect the two clauses, and the result is a complex sentence.

Subordinating conjunctions are words that are used to connect a dependent clause to an independent clause, creating a complex sentence. They establish a relationship of subordination between the two clauses. The subordinating conjunction introduces the dependent clause and shows how it is related to the independent clause.

Here are some common subordinating conjunctions:

  • After
  • Although
  • Because
  • Before
  • Even though
  • If
  • When
  • Where
  • Whereas
  • Whether
  • While



Here are a few more examples of sentences that use “after” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • After the conference ended, the attendees gathered for a networking reception.
  • After we finished our meal, we asked for the dessert menu.
  • After the show was over, the audience gave the performers a standing ovation.
  • After he lost his job, he started looking for a new one.
  • After the storm passed, the power came back on.

Here are a few examples of sentences that use “although” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • Although the restaurant was quite busy, the service was still very attentive.
  • Although the hotel was located in a remote area, it offered stunning views of the mountains.
  • Although the menu was limited, the food was of excellent quality.
  • Although the room was small, it was still comfortable and well-equipped.
  • Although the conference was delayed, the organizers managed to make up for lost time.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “because” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • We decided to stay at the hotel because it was conveniently located near the conference center.
  • The restaurant was crowded because it was a popular spot for brunch on weekends.
  • I couldn’t sleep last night because the room was too noisy.
  • The event was cancelled because of the bad weather forecast.
  • We arrived at the airport early because we didn’t want to miss our flight.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “before” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • Before we checked into the hotel, we went to a nearby cafe for some coffee.
  • The restaurant was packed before the show, so we had to wait for a table.
  • I always double-check my reservation details before I travel to avoid any mistakes.
  • Before the wedding, the bride and groom took some time to relax and get ready.
  • We stopped by the hotel bar for a drink before heading out to dinner.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “even though” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • Even though the hotel was located downtown, the room was surprisingly quiet at night.
  • I still went to the restaurant even though I had read some negative reviews online.
  • Even though it was raining, we went for a walk along the beach and enjoyed the fresh air.
  • She decided to take the job offer even though it required her to relocate to a new city.
  • Even though we arrived early for our flight, the gate was already closed and we missed it.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “if” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • If you need anything during your stay, please don’t hesitate to contact the front desk.
  • We will go to the beach tomorrow if the weather forecast is good.
  • If you’re looking for recommendations on local attractions, the hotel concierge is a great resource.
  • If the hotel room is not to your satisfaction, please let us know and we will do our best to make it right.
  • If you’re interested in a spa treatment, the hotel offers a variety of options to choose from.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “when” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • When you arrive at the hotel, please check in at the front desk.
  • We always take a walk on the beach when we stay at this hotel.
  • We like to visit the local market when we travel to this city.
  • When the concert starts, the ushers will guide you to your seats.
  • We always turn off the lights when we leave the hotel room to save energy.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “whereas” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • Whereas the hotel room was spacious, the bathroom was quite small.
  • The hotel restaurant serves mostly continental cuisine, whereas the bar offers a variety of international drinks.
  • Whereas the hotel room rate includes breakfast, lunch and dinner are not included.
  • The hotel staff is available 24/7 for any assistance you may need, whereas the hotel manager is available during regular business hours.
  • The hotel has a strict no-smoking policy, whereas smoking is permitted in the designated outdoor areas.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “whether” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • Whether you’re here for business or pleasure, the hotel staff is here to assist you.
  • Please let us know whether you prefer a room with a king-size bed or two double beds.
  • We recommend checking the weather forecast before planning any outdoor activities, whether it’s hiking, swimming, or sightseeing.
  • Whether you’re a vegetarian or have food allergies, the hotel restaurant can accommodate your dietary needs.
  • We understand that travel plans can change, whether it’s due to flight delays, cancellations, or personal reasons.

Here are some examples of sentences that use “while” as a subordinating conjunction:

  • While you’re waiting for your room to be ready, feel free to explore the hotel’s facilities.
  • The hotel offers a complimentary breakfast while you stay with us.
  • While the hotel does not have a pool, it has a rooftop terrace with stunning views of the city.
  • We recommend packing a light jacket while visiting this city, as the weather can be unpredictable.
  • The hotel offers laundry services, so you can wash and dry your clothes while you enjoy your stay.
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