MODAL AUXILIARY VERB

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Explanation

Modal auxiliary verbs, also known as modal verbs, are a type of auxiliary verb that express modality, which is the speaker’s attitude toward the action or state expressed by the main verb. Modal verbs do not have a meaning of their own, but instead modify the meaning of the main verb in some way.

Here are the most common modal auxiliary verbs in English:

– Can : used to express ability, possibility, or permission

– Could : used to express past ability or possibility, or to make a polite request or suggestion

– May : used to express possibility, permission, or a wish

– Might : used to express past possibility, or to suggest a possibility or doubt

– Must : used to express necessity or obligation

– Shall : used to make a suggestion or offer, or to express future action

– Should : used to give advice, make a suggestion, or express obligation or expectation

– Will : used to express future action or intention

– Would : used to express past habits, make a polite request or suggestion, or express a hypothetical situation

Modal verbs have some distinct grammatical characteristics, including that they are always followed by a base form of the verb (without “to”), they don’t have an -s form in the third person singular, and they are not used with do/does/did in questions and negatives.

Understanding modal auxiliary verbs is essential for mastering English grammar and communication, as they can significantly affect the meaning and tone of a sentence.

 

STRUCTURE

Example

(+) She must attend the party 

(-) She must not attend the party

(?) Must she attend the party?

(+) He shall borrow the paper

(-) He shall not borrow the paper

(?) Shall he borrow the paper?

(+) They should attend the meeting

(-) They should not attend the meeting

(?) Should they attend the meeting?

(+) He will come to our hotel next Sunday

(-) He will not come to our hotel next Sunday

(?) Will he come to our hotel next Sunday?

(+) Your friends would bring their luggage this afternoon

(-) Your friends would not bring their luggage this afternoon

(?) Would your friends bring their luggage this afternoon?

(+) You can take the card to enter the room number 9

(-) You cannot take the card to enter the room number 9

(?) Can you take the card to enter the room number 9?

(+) You could walk and turn right to find the lobby

(-) You could not walk and turn right to find the lobby

(?) Could you walk and turn right to find the lobby?

(+) I may write your name on this paper

(-) I may not write your name on this paper

(?) May I write your name on this paper?

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